Prediabetes and Cardiovascular Parameters in Obese Children and Adolescents
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CitationEklioğlu, B. S., Atabek, M. E., Akyürek, N., Alp, H. (2016). Prediabetes and cardiovascular parameters in obese children and adolescents. Jcrpe Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology, 8, 1, 80-85.
Objective: In this study, our aim was to determine cardiovascular risk and cardiac function in prediabetic obese children and adolescents. Methods: The study was conducted on 198 obese children and adolescents 6-18 years of age. Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure measurements, oral glucose tolerance test, lipid profile, and HbA1c levels of patients were assessed. Prediabetes was defined according to American Diabetes Association criteria. Left ventricular mass index (LVMi), carotid intima-media thickness (c-IMT), and tissue Doppler measurements records were used.Results: LVMi was found to be significantly higher in the prediabetes group (p0.03). There were no statistically significant differences in right ventricular tissue Doppler measurements between the prediabetic and non-prediabetic groups. Left ventricular tissue Doppler measurements were significantly higher in the prediabetes group: LVEEM (left ventricular E/e ratio) (p0.04); LVEM (left ventricular myocardial velocity cm/s) (p0.035). LVMi was found to positively correlate with triglyceride level, diastolic blood pressure, waist circumference, body weight standard deviation score and to negatively correlate with high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (p0.043, r0.15; p0.039, r0.15; p0.025, r0.17; p0.009, r0.19; p0.038, r-0.15, respectively). LVEM was correlated with glucose (p0.046, r0.15) and LVEEM was correlated with systolic blood pressure (p0.035, r0.15). In linear regression analysis for clinical cardiovascular risk factors, fasting glucose level was the best predictor of LVEM.Conclusion: In this study, deterioration of cardiac function in prediabetic obese children and adolescents was shown. We recommend determining cardiovascular risk and cardiac dysfunction at early stages in prediabetic obese children and adolescents.
SourceJournal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology